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Assigned: Raymond Williams. From Marxism and Literature (1565-75 Leitch).

From Marxism and Literature

1. From 1567-69, why is it, according to Williams, that "literature" is difficult to construe as a concept? And what is important about the fact that the term came to imply a kind of experience somehow more important and real than the "actual lived experiences of society and history" (1568)?

2. From 1569-72, according to Williams, what did the concept "literature" initially mean, and what notion of criticism developed along with it? By the nineteenth century, what had both concepts (literature and criticism) come to mean, and what social and political implications does Williams discuss with respect to those shifting concepts?

3. From 1573-75, according to Williams, how -- and how well -- did Marxist critics deal with the developing notion of literature and criticism in western capitalist societies? And what does Williams suggest are the implications and potential of the twentieth century's new technologies associated with the written word and literature?

Edition: Leitch, Vincent B., ed. The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. 1st. ed. New York: Norton, 2001. ISBN-13: 978-0393974294.